Lecture 3 – Historical & Contemporary visualisation

Leon Cmielewski

The story of Napoleon’s army heading towards Moscow, starvation and disease while being attacked and defeated by the Russians.

The following is an infographic of the distance between the polish border to moscow – left to right. The diagram displays different variables, indicating the total and strength of the army by the use of line thickness. There is a maximum amount of loss which is seen in the middle when the army crossed the river losing most of their men.

The thin bottom line represents the temperature changing over the period of time – the lowest at -30 degrees celsius to the ‘highest’ zero degrees celsius.

Data Visualisations are able to give ‘tools to be able to analyse and make comparisons for themselves’ You are able to create multiple stories from visualisation like this example shown.

Florence Nightingale Crimean War 1858

  • Most famous female statistician who created a monograph of comparisons by death rates over a period of time

The impact of using the wedge made it possible to compare data from over 2 years. Using patterns and relationship between the data.

Otto Neurath 1882 – 1945

Neurath used the system of ISOTYPE – Picture education, the use of multiples of the same size.

‘The means of education through the eyes’

The idea of visual education to represent masses of data.

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